Climate change and chromosomal inversions in Drosophila subobscura

Enrico L. Rezende, Joan Balanyà, Francisco Rodríguez-Trelles, Carla Rego, Inês Fragata, Margarida Matos, Luis Serra, Mauro Santos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In natural populations, the large changes in chromosomal structure occurring through chromosomal inversions show pronounced variations in frequency that often correspond to temporal and spatial climatic trends, which suggests that they may be employed to monitor the impact of global warming. Here we review and update the evidence on the association between chromosomal inversions and climate in D. subobscura, which provides one of the best studied models in this context. Chromosomal inversion frequencies of D. subobscura populations vary predictably with latitude, and this association has evolved independently in Europe and South and North America. They also exhibit clear seasonal trends that are consistent with temperature fluctuations. More importantly, latitudinal clines in chromosomal inversion frequencies seem to be responding to the global rise in mean temperatures in all continents. We analyze the relevance of these results in the light of climate change, and discuss how a better understanding of the mechanisms underlying these patterns may contribute to our knowledge on the impacts of global warming in biological systems. © Inter-Research 2010.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)103-114
JournalClimate Research
Volume43
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Oct 2010

Keywords

  • Chromosomal inversions
  • Global warming
  • Latitudinal clines
  • Thermal adaptation

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