Circulating monocyte subsets and heart failure prognosis

Elena Elchinova, Iris Teubel, Santiago Roura, Marco A. Fernández, Josep Lupón, Carolina Gálvez-Montón, Marta de Antonio, Pedro Moliner, Mar Domingo, Elisabet Zamora, Julio Núñez, Germán Cediel, Antoni Bayés-Genis

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Abstract

© 2018 Elchinova et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Monocytes are a heterogeneous population of effector cells with key roles in tissue integrity restoration and maintenance. Here, we explore the association of monocyte subsets and prognosis in patients with ambulatory heart failure (HF). Monocyte subsets were classified as classical (CD14 ++ /CD16 – ), intermediate (CD14 ++ /CD16 + ), or non-classical (CD14 + /CD16 ++ ). Percentage distribution and absolute cell count were assessed in each subset, and multivariable Cox regression analyses were performed with all-cause death, HF-related hospitalization, and the composite end-point of both as dependent variables. 400 patients were consecutively included (72.8% male, age 69.4±12.2 years, 45.5% from ischemic aetiology, left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF) 41.6% ±14.5, New York Heart Association (NYHA) class II 62.8% and III 30.8%). During a mean follow-up of 2.6±0.9 years, 107 patients died, 99 had a HF-related hospitalization and 160 suffered the composite end-point of all-cause death or HF-related hospitalization. Monocyte subsets assessed in percentages were not independently associated to any of the end-points. When considering number of cells/μL, intermediate subset was independently associated with an increase of all-cause death (HR 1.25 [95% CI 1,02–1.52], p = 0.03), and the composite end-point HR 1.20 [95% CI 1,03–1.40], p = 0.02). The presented findings show that absolute cell count of monocyte subsets was preferred over monocyte percentage for prognosis stratification for outpatients with HF. The intermediate monocyte subset provides information on increased risk of all-cause death and the composite end-point.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0204074
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume13
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2018

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    Elchinova, E., Teubel, I., Roura, S., Fernández, M. A., Lupón, J., Gálvez-Montón, C., de Antonio, M., Moliner, P., Domingo, M., Zamora, E., Núñez, J., Cediel, G., & Bayés-Genis, A. (2018). Circulating monocyte subsets and heart failure prognosis. PLoS ONE, 13(9), [e0204074]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0204074