Circulating microparticle signature in coronary and peripheral blood of ST elevation myocardial infarction patients in relation to pain-to-PCI elapsed time

R. Suades, T. Padró, J. Crespo, I. Ramaiola, V. Martin-Yuste, M. Sabaté, J. Sans-Roselló, A. Sionis, L. Badimon

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    38 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. Background: Circulating microparticle (cMP) levels are increased in the acute phase of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and associate with microvascular obstruction; however, the precise cMP-parental cell signature and activation level are not elucidated. Here, we aimed to study the cMP signature in STEMI-patients and whether cMP phenotype changes in relation to onset of pain-to-PCI [ischemic time (IT)]-elapsed time. Methods Blood was taken at PCI from the culprit coronary and the peripheral circulation in STEMI-patients (N = 40). Two control groups were included: peripheral blood of age-matched patients recovering from STEMI [after 72 h] and of control individuals (N = 20/group). cMP-parental origin and activation level were characterized by triple-labeling flow cytometry. Results: Procoagulant annexin V-positive cMPs bearing parental cell markers as well as markers of activated cells displayed a significantly different profile in STEMI-patients, in control individuals and in patients recovering from STEMI. cMPs derived from monocytes, endothelium, and activated vascular cells were higher in the culprit coronary artery than in peripheral blood in STEMI-patients, especially in patients intervened at short IT. Indeed, cMP levels in coronary blood were inversely related to IT duration (more abundant in thrombi with pain-to-PCI time < 180 min). Conclusions: A characteristic [CD66b+/CD62E+/CD142+] cMP signature in the systemic circulation reflects the formation of coronary thrombotic occlusions in STEMI-patients. Changes in the cMP signature in the culprit coronary artery blood reveal the sensitivity of MPs to detect the ischemia-elapsed time. Interestingly, cMPs in peripheral blood may be sensitive markers of the thrombo-occlusive vascular process developing in the coronary arteries of STEMI-patients.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)378-387
    JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
    Volume202
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016

    Keywords

    • Biomarkers
    • Circulating cell-derived microparticles
    • Myocardial infarction
    • Myocardial revascularization
    • Thrombosis

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