Most studies on preconception diagnosis published so far have used polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis to identify single gene defects. Although fluorescent DNA probes have been used to obtain a partial cytogenetic diagnosis of aneuploidies in first polar bodies without defined chromosome structures, the analysis of structural chromosome anomalies in the interphase nucleus is not adequate. We describe a procedure to obtain first polar body chromosome complements from hamster and human oocytes. In 63.6% (105 of 165) of hamster first polar bodies the chromosome complement showed a defined chromosome morphology and in 94.1% (16 of 17) of human oocytes fixed after follicular puncture it was possible to obtain high quality, well spread chromosome complements. First polar body chromosomes are fuzzy and shorter than oocyte chromosomes, but fluorescent in-situ hybridization results obtained in human first polar bodies clearly show that it is possible to detect whole chromosomes, centromeres and unique sequences, including the terminal regions of small chromosomes. This suggests that in fresh oocytes, DNA loss resulting from apoptotic chromosome fragmentation has not yet occurred. Using the procedure described, first polar bodies could be used to analyse the meiotic segregation of maternal structural abnormalities and to detect numerical chromosome anomalies in humans.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 1998|
- First polar body
- Preconception diagnosis
- Structural chromosome abnormalities