The relationship between the presence of a high frequency of chromosome aberrations and a predisposition to cancer has been well established in the so-called chromosome instability syndromes. Chromosome instability is also present in a variety of patients affected by cancer, and sometimes in their healthy relatives. We present a cytogenetic study carried out in lymphocytes from 13 untreated bladder carcinoma patients (only four of them had a history of occupational exposure to mutagens). Percentages of aberrant metaphases were significantly higher in cancer patients than in controls. Of the total number of chromosome aberrations in cancer patients, 67.16% corresponded to major structural chromosome abnormalities, while 25.37% were gaps or breaks. Numerical abnormalities represented 7.46% of the total. The bands more frequently involved in chromosome rearrangements were 5q31 and 1q32. Our results tentatively indicate that a significant proportion of patients with bladder carcinoma may have an underlying inherent chromosome instability. An age effect cannot be excluded, but we did not find significant differences between patients over 50 years of age and patients under 50 years of age. © 1990.
|Journal||Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Oct 1990|