© the Owner Societies 2016. Extensive MD simulations combined with QM/MM calculations have been performed on mNeptune1 and mCardinal red fluorescent proteins to establish the reasons behind the red shift of the excitation wavelength of mCardinal with respect to mNeptune1. In both cases, it is seen that Arg197 stabilizes the chromophore but cannot be described as stabilizing preferentially the excited state because of the anchor point of the interaction. The interactions of the linking bonds to the α-helix of both proteins to the chromophore have been analyzed. It has been found that, besides the presence of a strategically placed residue Gln41 in mCardinal, solvation water molecules play an active role in the energetics of the stabilization of the excited state, which is preferentially stabilized in the case of mCardinal in contrast to mNeptune1.
|Journal||Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2016|