CHIR99021 causes inactivation of Tyrosine Hydroxylase and depletion of dopamine in rat brain striatum

Sally Hamdon, Pol Fernandez-Gonzalez, Muhammad Yusof Omar, Marta González-Sepúlveda, Jordi Ortiz, Carles Gil*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

CHIR99021, also known as laduviglusib or CT99021, is a Glycogen-synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β) inhibitor, which has been reported as a promising drug for cardiomyocyte regeneration or treatment of sensorial hearing loss. Since the activation of dopamine (DA) receptors regulates dopamine synthesis and they can signal through the β-arrestin pathway and GSK3β, we decided to check the effect of GSK3β inhibitors (CHIR99021, SB216763 and lithium ion) on the control of DA synthesis. Using ex vivo experiments with minces from rat brain striatum, we observed that CHIR99021, but not SB216763 or lithium, causes complete abrogation of both DA synthesis and accumulation, pointing to off-target effects of CHIR99021. This decrease can be attributed to tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) inhibition since the accumulation of L-DOPA in the presence of a DOPA decarboxylase inhibitor was similarly decreased. On the other hand, CHIR99021 caused a dramatic increase in the DOPAC/DA ratio, an indicator of DA metabolization, and hindered DA incorporation into striatum tissue. Tetrabenazine, an inhibitor of DA vesicular transport, also caused DA depletion and DOPAC/DA ratio increase to the same extent as CHIR99021. In addition, both CHIR99021 or SB216763, but not lithium, decreased TH phosphorylation in Ser19, but not in Ser31 or Ser40. These results demonstrate that CHIR99021 can lead to TH inactivation and DA depletion in brain striatum, opening the possibility of its use in DA-related disorders, and shows effects to be considered in future clinical trials. More work is needed to find the mechanism exerted by CHIR99021 on DA accumulation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109759
Number of pages11
JournalNeuropharmacology
Volume242
Early online date14 Oct 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2024

Keywords

  • CHIR99021
  • Dopamine
  • GSK3
  • HPLC
  • Striatum
  • Tyrosine Hydroxylase

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