Children's use of time and traditional ecological learning. A case study in two Amazonian indigenous societies

Isabel Ruiz-Mallén, Carla Morsello, Victoria Reyes-García, Renata Barros Marcondes De Faria

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The way indigenous children use their time determines the knowledge they acquire. Cultural transmission of traditional ecological knowledge generally occurs outside the school, during labor and play activities. In this article we document and analyze time budgets of children, adolescents, and adults from two Amazonian small-scale indigenous societies: the Kayapó and the Araweté. We describe patterns of time use and differences in children's time budgets based on gender, age, and indigenous group. The children studied rarely went to school; they spent half of their daylight time playing and undertaking subsistence work, although their contribution to household income was extremely low. In communities that lack an effective school system and show a low level of integration into the market, formal education is regarded as a marginal asset and children mostly rely on traditional ecological knowledge as the main form of human capital. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-222
JournalLearning and Individual Differences
Volume27
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013

Keywords

  • Araweté
  • Children
  • Kayapó
  • Time allocation
  • Traditional ecological knowledge

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