Chickpea and tiger nut flours as alternatives to emulsifier and shortening in gluten-free bread

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

69 Citations (Scopus)


© 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Chickpea protein has good emulsifying properties, which improve gluten-free bread volume. Tiger nut is a tuber with high lipid content of healthy fatty acid profile. Taking into account these characteristics, the effect of chickpea and tiger nut flours addition to gluten-free batters and breads in order to partially or totally replace emulsifier and/or shortening in gluten-free formulations has been studied. Four formulations were compared: corn starch; 7.8g/100g chickpea flour and corn starch; 8.6g/100g tiger nut flour and corn starch; 7.8g/100g chickpea flour+ 8.6g/100g tiger nut flour and corn starch. The combination of three levels of shortening (5, 2.5 and 0g/100g) and three levels of emulsifier (2, 1 and 0g/100g) was evaluated in each basic formulation. Chickpea flour increased bread specific volume but tiger nut flour reduced it. When chickpea protein and emulsifier were added in the formulation, shortening increased G'and specific volume, and reduced initial crumb firmness. Bread elaborated with both chickpea and tiger nut flour maintained its baking characteristics (bake loss, specific volume, crust and crumb color and, crumb hardness) even when shortening and/or emulsifier were reduced or eliminated.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-232
JournalLWT - Food Science and Technology
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015


  • Chickpea flour
  • Emulsifier
  • Gluten-free bread
  • Shortening
  • Tiger nut flour


Dive into the research topics of 'Chickpea and tiger nut flours as alternatives to emulsifier and shortening in gluten-free bread'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this