Charge ordering, symmetry and electronic structure issues and Wigner crystal structure of the quarter-filled band Mott insulators and high pressure metals δ-(EDT-TTF-CONMe<inf>2</inf>)<inf>2</inf>X, X = Br and AsF<inf>6</inf>

Leokadiya Zorina, Sergey Simonov, Cécile Mézière, Enric Canadell, Steve Suh, Stuart E. Brown, Pascale Foury-Leylekian, Pierre Fertey, Jean Paul Pouget, Patrick Batail

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    Abstract

    We report on the synthesis and application of an internal chemical pressure to effectively control, and reduce, the Mott gap in the system δ-(EDT-TTF-CONMe2)2X, X = Br, AsF6; the detailed accounts of its Pmna, averaged room temperature structure and reversible phase transition at ca. 190 K towards a low temperature P21/a structure; the synthesis of (13C-EDT-TTF-CONMe2)2Br, where one carbon atom of the inner double bond is 100% 13C-enriched and single crystal 13C solid state NMR spectroscopy and relaxation revealing that charge ordering occurs at room temperature and ambient pressure; the discovery of weak superstructure Bragg reflections in δ-(EDT-TTF-CONMe2)2Br and subsequent analysis of the superstructure symmetry and refinement of an exhaustive synchrotron radiation data set; suggesting an alternation at room temperature of neutral and oxidized molecules along both the stacking a and transverse b directions in orthorhombic, non-centrosymmetric space group P2nn, a CO pattern compatible with ferroelectricity. The charge disproportionation and long range order crystallization of the electron gas onto every other molecular site within a three-dimensional Wigner lattice is coupled to a concerted activation-deactivation of large collections of transverse Csp2-H…O hydrogen bonds and an anti-phase, static modulation of the bromide anions displacements along b. Despite the occurrence of charge ordering, the stacks remain essentially uniform, in agreement with the rich low temperature Mott physics of the system. © The Royal Society of Chemistry.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)6980-6994
    JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry
    Volume19
    Issue number38
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 22 Sep 2009

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