Characterization of the pattern of food consumption in severely obese patients prior to bariatric surgery

Alejandra Parri, Montserrat Villatoro, David Benaiges, José M. Ramón, Juana A. Flores, Alberto Goday

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch

    Abstract

    © 2019, ARAN Ediciones S.A. All rights reserved. Introduction: Severe obesity is increasing rapidly in several countries, as well as the number of bariatric surgeries performed. However, the pattern of food consumption of the population is not well defined. Objectives: The aim of the present study was to describe the food consumption pattern (comparing men and women) of severely obese patient candidates to bariatric surgery and to determine the promoting and protecting factors. Methods: Food consumption and nutrient intake were measured by a validated food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), including food and beverages. Multivariate principal component analysis (PCA) was done to analyze the component that best relates to the food pattern consumption dividing the different food groups in promotors and protectors. Results: Significant differences in the food consumption pattern of men and women with severe obesity addressed for bariatric surgery were found. A positive correlation was found between the food groups that are protective factors for obesity such as the fiber (r = 0.84), vegetables (r = 0.767) and fruits (r = 0.83), whereas a negative correlation was found with those factors that are promotors of obesity such as fats (r = -0.341), saturated fats (r = -0.411), soft drinks (r = -0.386), and fast food (r = -0.17).Multivariate analysis of principal components revealed that calorie consumption is the component that correlates better with the pattern. Conclusions: There are significant differences in the food consumption pattern of men and women with severe obesity addressed for bariatric surgery and these differences should be taken into account when planning nutritional intervention. Therefore, a healthy lifestyle behaviour should be highly encouraged among the severe obese population.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)321-324
    JournalNutricion Hospitalaria
    Volume36
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2019

    Keywords

    • Dietetic support
    • Food intake patterns
    • Food preferences
    • Severe obesity
    • Surgery for obesity

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