Characterization of production factors and use of mathematical models to estimate their influence on daily feed intake and feed conversion ratio of grow-finishing pigs

D. S. Borges, P. S. Agostini, C. R. Pierozan, C. P. Dias, M. A. Callegari, A. K. Novais, R. K.S. Santos, M. Pereira Junior, J. B. Alves, J. Gasa, C. A. Silva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

© 2018 Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais. The aim of this study was to identify and quantify the production factors present in growing and finishing (GF) pig farms partners of a cooperative in Paraná State, Brazil, and to determine the influence of these factors on daily feed intake (DFI) and the feed conversion ratio (FCR). From 2010 to 2013, the historical production of 538 batches of fattening pigs in 175 commercial farms were analyzed, in an amount approximately 404,000 animals. A total of 40 production factors regarding the management, sanity, plant and equipment, nutrition, genetics and environment were taken into consideration. Pens with less than 20 pigs resulted in a reduction in DFI (P < 0.05) and an improved FCR (P < 0.01). In pens that used linear dump feeders, the DFI was less (P < 0.01) and the FCR was better (P=0.001). Pens with shallow pools had higher DFI (P < 0.01) and worse FCR (P < 0.01). Batches of females had lower DFI (P < 0.001) and better FCR (P < 0.001) compared to mixed-sex batches. The factors used for the final models explained the 25% and 46% of the total variance for the DFI and FCR, respectively. The models consist in effective aid instruments for technical decision making in the swine industry.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)263-271
JournalArquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinaria e Zootecnia
Volume70
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • Feeding
  • Modeling
  • Pig production
  • Production indexes

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