In a previous study, it was found that 2.8% of dogs with leishmaniosis had keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS). The aim of this study was to characterize the lesions present in the lacrimal glands of dogs with leishmaniosis and to determine the presence of the parasite by means of immunohistochemistry. The inflammatory infiltrate was described as granulomatouos or pyogranulomatous and was located around the ductal component of the glands. Immunoperoxidase staining localized the parasites following the same pattern. Samples from eyes that had clinical signs compatible with KCS presented inflammatory infiltrate and parasite more commonly than those from eyes without clinical signs. One of the mechanisms of KCS in dogs with leishmaniosis may be the inflammatory infiltrate located around the ducts of lacrimal glands, producing retrograde accumulation and retention of secretion. Meibomian gland was the most commonly affected by the infiltrate, highlighting the possibility of a qualitative KCS in these dogs. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Journal||Veterinary Parasitology: Regional Studies and Reports|
|Publication status||Published - 10 Oct 2005|
- Keratoconjunctivitis sicca
- Lacrimal glands
- Leishmania spp.