Characterization of Escherichia coli isolates derived from phylogenetic groups A and B1 causing extraintestinal infection

Eva Moreno, Guillem Prats, Irene Planells, Ana M. Planes, Teresa Pérez, Antonia Andreu

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19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

INTRODUCTION. Escherichia coli isolates from the non-pathogenic phylogenetic groups A and B1 rarely cause extraintestinal infections. The aim of this study was to analyze 37 E. coli isolates pertaining to phylogenetic groups A and B1 and compare them with 37 E. coli isolates from group B2 and 31 from group D, which caused the same infections. METHODS. Among 105 E. coli isolated from the urine of patients with cystitis and pyelonephritis and from the blood of patients with urinary-source and other-source bacteriemia, the E. coli phylogenetic groups, 15 virulence-associated genes, 7 O-antigens and fluoroquinolone resistance were analyzed. RESULTS. E. coli from groups A and B1 showed fewer virulence determinants (median 3.5) than E. coli from group B2 (8.6, P < .001) or D (5.3, P< .001); however, a subgroup containing 3 isolates from group A and 5 from B1 harbored 5 o more factors. E. coli from groups A/B1 were associated with resistance to fluoroquinolones (74%, P < .001), whereas E. coli from group B2 were associated with susceptibility to this antibiotic (76%, P = .003). E. coli from groups A/B1 were isolated significantly more frequently in patients with pyelonephritis or sepsis and local or general factors favoring infection, association not observed in patients with cystitis. CONCLUSIONS. Even though most of the E. coli isolates from phylogenetic groups A and B1 presented a low virulence potential, they were able to cause extraintestinal infections, particularly in compromised patients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)483-489
JournalEnfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiologia Clinica
Volume24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2006

Keywords

  • Escherichia coli
  • Extraintestinal infection
  • Phylogenetic group A and B1
  • Virulence factors

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