MC-1 is a marine, magnetotactic bacterium that is phylogenctically associated with the alpha subclass of the Proteobacteria and is the first and only magnetotactic coccus isolated in pure culture to date. By using a TBLASTN search, a lexA gene was identified in the published genome of MC-1; it was subsequently cloned, and the protein was purified to >90% purity. Results from reverse transcription-PCR analysis revealed that the MC-1 lexA gene comprises a single transcriptional unit with two open reading frames encoding proteins of unknown function and with a rumA-like gene, a homologue of the Escherichia coli umuD gene. Mobility shift assays revealed that this LexA protein specifically binds both to its own promoter and to that of the umuDC operon. However, MC-1 LexA does not bind to the promoter regions of other genes, such as recA and uvrA, that have been previously reported to be regulated by LexA in bacterial species belonging to the alpha subclass of the Proteobacteria. Site-directed mutagenesis of both the lexA and umuDC operator regions demonstrated that the sequence CCTN10AGG is the specific target motif for the MC-1 LexA protein.