© 2019 IOP Publishing Ltd and Sissa Medialab. Monolithic Active Pixel Sensors (MAPS) produced in High Voltage CMOS (HV-CMOS) technology are being considered for High Energy Physics applications due to the ease of production and the reduced costs. Such technology is especially appealing when large areas to be covered and material budget are concerned. This is the case of the outermost pixel layers of the future ATLAS tracking detector for the High Luminosity LHC. For experiments at hadron colliders, radiation hardness is a key requirement which is not fulfilled by standard CMOS sensor designs that collect charge by diffusion. This issue has been addressed by depleted active pixel sensors in which electronics are embedded into a large deep implantation ensuring uniform charge collection by drift. Very first small prototypes of hybrid depleted active pixel sensors have already shown a radiation hardness compatible with the ATLAS requirements. Nevertheless, to compete with the present hybrid solutions a further reduction in costs achievable by a fully monolithic design is desirable. The H35DEMO is a large electrode full reticle demonstrator chip produced in AMS 350 nm HV-CMOS technology by the collaboration of Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT), Institut de F'isica d'Altes Energies (IFAE), University of Liverpool and University of Geneva. It includes two large monolithic pixel matrices which can be operated standalone. One of these two matrices was characterised at beam test before and after irradiation with protons and neutrons. Results demonstrated the feasibility of producing radiation hard large area fully monolithic pixel sensors in HV-CMOS technology. H35DEMO chips with a substrate resistivity of 200 Ωcm} irradiated with neutrons showed a radiation hardness up to a fluence of 1×1015 neq/cm2 with a hit efficiency of about 99% and a noise occupancy lower than 10-6 hits in a LHC bunch crossing of 25 ns at 150 V.
- Electronic detector readout concepts (solid-state)
- Particle tracking detectors (Solid-state detectors)
- Radiation-hard detectors
- Solid state detectors