Objectives: This study used intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) to evaluate radial artery volume changes after intraarterial administration of nitroglycerin and/or verapamil. Background: Radial artery spasm, which is associated with radial artery size, is the main limitation of the transradial approach in percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). Methods: This prospective, randomized study compared the effect of two intra-arterial vasodilator regimens on radial artery volume: 0.2 mg of nitroglycerin plus 2.5 mg of verapamil (Group 1; n ≤ 15) versus 2.5 mg of verapamil alone (Group 2; n ≤ 15). Radial artery lumen volume was assessed using IVUS at two time points: at baseline (5 minutes after sheath insertion) and post-vasodilator (1 minute after drug administration). The luminal volume of the radial artery was computed using ECOC Random Fields (ECOC-RF), a technique used for automatic segmentation of luminal borders in longitudinal cut images from IVUS sequences. Results: There was a significant increase in arterial lumen volume in both groups, with an increase from 451 ± 177 mm to 508 ± 192 mm (p ≤ 0.001) in Group 1 and from 456 ± 188 mm to 509 ± 170 mm (p ≤ 0.001) in Group 2. There were no significant differences between the groups in terms of absolute volume increase (58 mm versus 53 mm, respectively; p ≤ 0.65) or in relative volume increase (14% versus 20%, respectively; p ≤ 0.69). CONCLUSIONS: Administration of nitroglycerin plus verapamil or verapamil alone to the radial artery resulted in similar increases in arterial lumen volume according to ECOC-RF IVUS measurements.
|Journal||Journal of Invasive Cardiology|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Oct 2011|
- percutaneous coronary intervention
- vasodilator treatment
- volumetric IVUS analysis