Changes in radial artery volume assessed using intravascular ultrasound: A comparison of two vasodilator regimens in transradial coronary interventions

Xavier Carrillo, Eduard Fernandez-Nofrerias, Francesco Ciompi, Oriol Rodriguez-Leor, Petia Radeva, Neus Salvatella, Oriol Pujol, Josepa Mauri, Antoni Bayes-Genis

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13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: This study used intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) to evaluate radial artery volume changes after intraarterial administration of nitroglycerin and/or verapamil. Background: Radial artery spasm, which is associated with radial artery size, is the main limitation of the transradial approach in percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). Methods: This prospective, randomized study compared the effect of two intra-arterial vasodilator regimens on radial artery volume: 0.2 mg of nitroglycerin plus 2.5 mg of verapamil (Group 1; n ≤ 15) versus 2.5 mg of verapamil alone (Group 2; n ≤ 15). Radial artery lumen volume was assessed using IVUS at two time points: at baseline (5 minutes after sheath insertion) and post-vasodilator (1 minute after drug administration). The luminal volume of the radial artery was computed using ECOC Random Fields (ECOC-RF), a technique used for automatic segmentation of luminal borders in longitudinal cut images from IVUS sequences. Results: There was a significant increase in arterial lumen volume in both groups, with an increase from 451 ± 177 mm to 508 ± 192 mm (p ≤ 0.001) in Group 1 and from 456 ± 188 mm to 509 ± 170 mm (p ≤ 0.001) in Group 2. There were no significant differences between the groups in terms of absolute volume increase (58 mm versus 53 mm, respectively; p ≤ 0.65) or in relative volume increase (14% versus 20%, respectively; p ≤ 0.69). CONCLUSIONS: Administration of nitroglycerin plus verapamil or verapamil alone to the radial artery resulted in similar increases in arterial lumen volume according to ECOC-RF IVUS measurements.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)401-404
JournalJournal of Invasive Cardiology
Volume23
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2011

Keywords

  • IVUS
  • percutaneous coronary intervention
  • radial
  • vasodilator treatment
  • volumetric IVUS analysis

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