Challenges and difficulties in assessing the environmental status under the requirements of the Ecosystem Approach in North African countries, illustrated by eutrophication assessment

Maialen Garmendia, Ángel Borja, Françoise Breton, Momme Butenschön, Anna Marín, Peter I. Miller, François Morisseau, Weidong Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2015, Springer International Publishing Switzerland. Marine ecosystems provide many ecosystem goods and services. However, these ecosystems and the benefits they create for humans are subject to competing uses and increasing pressures. As a consequence of the increasing threats to the marine environment, several regulations require applying an ecosystem-based approach for managing the marine environment. Within the Mediterranean Sea, in 2008, the Contracting Parties of the Mediterranean Action Plan decided to progressively apply the Ecosystem Approach (EcAp) with the objective of achieving Good Environmental Status (GES) for 2018. To assess the environmental status, the EcAp proposes 11 Ecological Objectives, each of which requires a set of relevant indicators to be integrated. Progress towards the EcAp entails a gradual and important challenge for North African countries, and efforts have to be initiated to propose and discuss methods. Accordingly, to enhance the capacity of North African countries to implement EcAp and particularly to propose and discuss indicators and methods to assess GES, the aim of this manuscript is to identify the practical problems and gaps found at each stage of the environmental status assessment process. For this purpose, a stepwise method has been proposed to assess the environmental status using Ecologic Objective 5-Eutrophication as example.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEnvironmental Monitoring and Assessment
Volume187
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2015

Keywords

  • Ecosystem Approach
  • Eutrophication
  • Good Environmental Status
  • Indicators
  • Mediterranean Action Plan
  • Mediterranean Sea
  • North Africa

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