CD8 down-regulation on cytotoxic T lymphocytes of patients with endometrioid endometrial carcinomas

Mónica Pascual-García, Cristina Bértolo, Juan C. Nieto, Neus Serrat, Íñigo Espinosa, Emanuela D'Angelo, Raquel Muñoz, Ramón Rovira, Silvia Vidal, Jaime Prat

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2016 Elsevier Inc. Carcinogenesis is a multistep process in which cancer cells and tumor stroma cells play important roles. T lymphocytes are immune constituents of tumor stroma and play a crucial function in anti–tumor response. By immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry, we studied T cytotoxic (CTLs) and T helper lymphocyte distribution and percentage in the tumor microenvironment and peripheral blood from 35 patients with endometrioid endometrial carcinomas (EEC). We also studied 23 healthy donors’ blood samples as a control group. Tumor and non-tumoral endometrium samples were obtained. Immunohistochemistry revealed a high number of CTLs and T helper lymphocytes in the tumor stroma of myoinvasive EECs. T lymphocytes were mostly located in the invasive front. By flow cytometry, the percentages of CTLs and T helper lymphocytes were significantly higher in the tumor compared with the non-neoplastic endometrium (P = .0492 and P = .002). The mean fluorescence intensity of CD8 staining was lower in the tumor compared to the non-neoplastic endometrium (P = .001). There was also reduction of the mean fluorescence intensity of CD8 staining on peripheral blood from patients with grade 3 EECs compare to the peripheral blood from healthy donors (P = .0093). No alterations in the expression of granzymes A and B were found in the CTLs from the EEC cases. Finally, in a proteome profiler cytokine array we found that the growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF15) increased in blood in parallel to the tumor grade. EECs are capable of down-regulating CD8 expression of CTLs. Most likely, this effect is mediated by a soluble molecule present in plasma and is not a result of anergy or exhaustion state.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)180-188
JournalHuman Pathology
Volume56
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2016

Keywords

  • CD8
  • Endometrial carcinoma
  • Flow cytometry
  • GDF15
  • T lymphocytes

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