The aim of this work was to study which genes upregulated by the IFN-γ/STAT1 system in human muscle might be involved in the process of muscle fiber atrophy in dermatomyositis (DM). These proteins included proteases (cathepsins B and L, calpain), proteins implicated in apoptosis and cell cycle (Bcl-x(1), Fas, p21), structural proteins (β-actin, utrophin, desmin), and other proteins whose expression is known to be modified by IFN-γ (neural cell adhesion molecule (N-CAM), major histocompatibility complex-I (MHC-I)). We performed immunocytochemistry, Western blot, and semiquantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction using human muscle cultures. We found upregulation of cathepsins B and L, bcl-x(1) and p21 while N-CAM, calpain, utrophin, desmin, β-actin and Fas remained at basal levels. Immunohistochemistry on frozen sections from biopsies of patients with different muscle diseases showed upregulation of cathepsin L and calpain in perifascicular muscle fibers in DM. In view of these results, the increased expression of cathepsins L and B after IFN-γ stimulation in muscle cultures and its inhibition using fludarabine, a STAT1 blocker, further support our previous studies and suggest that the increased expression of cathepsins detected in perifascicular muscle fibers in DM is mediated by IFN-γ/STAT1 and contributes to their atrophy.
|Journal||Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2001|
- Inflammatory myopathy