Carlumab, an anti-C-C chemokine ligand 2 monoclonal antibody, in combination with four chemotherapy regimens for the treatment of patients with solid tumors: an open-label, multicenter phase 1b study

Irene Brana, Antonio Calles, Patricia M. LoRusso, Lorrin K. Yee, Thomas A. Puchalski, Shobha Seetharam, Bob Zhong, Carla J. de Boer, Josep Tabernero, Emiliano Calvo

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64 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2014, Springer International Publishing Switzerland. C-C chemokine ligand 2 (CCL2) stimulates tumor growth, metastasis, and angiogenesis. Carlumab, a human IgG1κ anti-CCL2 mAb, has shown antitumor activity in preclinical and clinical trials. We conducted a first-in-human phase 1b study of carlumab with one of four chemotherapy regimens (docetaxel, gemcitabine, paclitaxel + carboplatin, and pegylated liposomal doxorubicin HCl [PLD]). Patients had advanced solid tumors for which ≥1 of these regimens was considered standard of care or for whom no other treatment options existed. Dose-limiting toxicities included one grade 4 febrile neutropenia (docetaxel arm) and one grade 3 neutropenia (gemcitabine arm). Combination treatment with carlumab had no clinically relevant pharmacokinetic effect on docetaxel (n = 15), gemcitabine (n = 12), paclitaxel or carboplatin (n = 12), or PLD (n = 14). Total serum CCL2 concentrations increased post-treatment with carlumab alone, consistent with carlumab-CCL2 binding, and continued increase in the presence of all chemotherapy regimens. Free CCL2 declined immediately post-treatment with carlumab but increased with further chemotherapy administrations in all arms, suggesting that carlumab could sequester CCL2 for only a short time. Neither antibodies against carlumab nor consistent changes in circulating tumor cells (CTCs) or circulating endothelial cells (CECs) enumeration were observed. Three of 19 evaluable patients showed a 30 % decrease from baseline urinary cross-linked N-telopeptide of type I collagen (uNTx). One partial response and 18 (38 %) stable disease responses were observed. The most common drug-related grade ≥3 adverse events were docetaxel arm—neutropenia (6/15) and febrile neutropenia (4/15); gemcitabine arm—neutropenia (2/12); paclitaxel + carboplatin arm—neutropenia, thrombocytopenia (4/12 each), and anemia (2/12); and PLD arm—anemia (3/14) and stomatitis (2/14). Carlumab could be safely administered at 10 or 15 mg/kg in combination with standard-of-care chemotherapy and was well-tolerated, although no long-term suppression of serum CCL2 or significant tumor responses were observed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-123
JournalTargeted Oncology
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

Keywords

  • Carlumab
  • Chemokine CCL2
  • Clinical trial
  • Combination chemotherapy
  • Phase 1
  • Solid tumors

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