Cardiovascular and metabolic monitoring of children and adolescents on antipsychotic treatment: A cross-sectional descriptive study

Miquel de la Torre Villalobos, Luis Miguel Martin-López, María Isabel Fernández Sanmartín, Elena Pujals Altes, Silvia Gasque Llopis, Santiago Batlle Vila, Victor Pérez-Solá, Patricia Novo Navarro, Isabel Gómez Simón, Cristina Fresno González, Ester Camprodon Rosanas, Antonio Bulbena Vilarrasa

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Abstract

© 2016 SEP y SEPB Background: Cardiovascular and metabolic monitoring of patients on antipsychotic medication is essential. This becomes more important in those of paediatric age, as they are more vulnerable, and also because prescriptions of this kind of drugs are still increasing. Aim: To evaluate the monitoring of cardiovascular and metabolic risk factors in a group of children and young people on antipsychotic medication. Method: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in which a group of 220 patients aged 8-17 years, diagnosed with a mental disorder and on antipsychotic treatment. They were compared to a control group of 199 asthmatic patients not exposed to antipsychotic drugs. Data was extracted from the computerised clinical history ECAP in 2013. Results: The mean age of the children was 12 years (8-17). Risperidone (67%) was the most frequent treatment. The recording of Body Mass Index (BMI) and blood pressure (AP) was 50% in Mental Disorder (MD) patients. A higher number of cardiovascular monitoring physical parameters (weight, height, BMI and BP) were observed in the MD group compared to the control Asthma control group. Altogether, more physical parameters than biochemistry parameters were recorded. Conclusions: This study shows that the recording of cardiovascular parameters and metabolic studies needs to be improved in children and adolescents on treatment with antipsychotics.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-26
JournalRevista de Psiquiatria y Salud Mental
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • Antipsychotic
  • Mental disorder
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Paediatric age
  • cardiovascular risk

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    de la Torre Villalobos, M., Martin-López, L. M., Fernández Sanmartín, M. I., Pujals Altes, E., Gasque Llopis, S., Batlle Vila, S., Pérez-Solá, V., Novo Navarro, P., Gómez Simón, I., Fresno González, C., Camprodon Rosanas, E., & Bulbena Vilarrasa, A. (2018). Cardiovascular and metabolic monitoring of children and adolescents on antipsychotic treatment: A cross-sectional descriptive study. Revista de Psiquiatria y Salud Mental, 11(1), 19-26. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rpsm.2016.05.001