© 2018 Elsevier España, S.L.U. y SEMNIM Infective endocarditis (IE) is a serious condition with a poor prognosis, its mortality unchanged significantly despite diagnostic and therapeutic advances in the last 30 years. The diagnostic ability of the modified Duke criteria in prosthetic endocarditis and/or devices does not exceed 50%, so new tools are necessary for the diagnosis of this entity in this context. The 18F-FDG PET/CTA combines a highly sensitive technique to detect inflammatory-infectious activity with a technique with high anatomical resolution to assess the structural lesions associated with endocarditis. With a diagnostic sensitivity between 91-97%, this hybrid technique has become a useful diagnostic tool for patients with prosthetic valves or devices and suspicion of IE, becoming a major criterion in the diagnostic algorithm of current guidelines. This excellent diagnostic ability depends directly on the quality of the obtained exploration and the knowledge at the time of interpreting the images. The aim of this review is to describe and standardize the methodology of cardiac 18F-FDG PET/CTA in the diagnosis of endocarditis in prosthetic valves and intracardiac devices, with special emphasis on the particularities of the patient's preparation, the PET and CT acquisition procedures, and the subsequent imaging postprocessing and interpretation.
|Journal||Revista Espanola de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular|
|Publication status||Published - 1 May 2018|
- 18 F-FDG
- Infective endocarditis
- Intracardiac devices
- Myocardial suppression uptake
- Prosthetic valves