Carbohydrate-to-insulin ratio in a mediterranean population of type 1 diabetic patients on continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion therapy

Valeria Alcántara-Aragón, Cintia Gonzalez, Rosa Corcoy, Justa Ubeda, Ana Chico

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12 Citations (Scopus)


© 2015 Diabetes Technology Society Reprints and permissions. Background: The carbohydrate-to-insulin ratio (CIR) is initially calculated from the total daily insulin dose (TDID). However, CIR likely presents variations owing to different population characteristics and intraday variations not being taken into account by most formulas. No information is available concerning the Mediterranean population. We investigated the CIR used by patients with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) using continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) therapy in a Mediterranean area, to identify possible intraday variations and establish an adequate formula to calculate CIR. Methods: Data from 170 T1DM patients from Barcelona were obtained retrospectively from the Spanish National Registry of CSII Therapy (SNR-CSII). Theoretical CIR was calculated using the formula: 500 divided by TDID. This theoretical CIR was compared to the real CIR. Results: The real CIR was also compared between main meals. Patients with HbA1c < 7% (n = 44) were considered a reference group for accurate bolus calculation and were analyzed as a subgroup. The real CIR used was 11.5 g/UI for breakfast, 12 g/UI for lunch, and 13.3 g/UI for dinner. CIR obtained by the 500/TDID formula for all meals was 15.5 g/UI. We obtained similar results for the group with HbA1c < 7%. The real CIR differed significantly from the theoretical CIR values and between breakfast and the other main meals (P <.005). Conclusions: CIR in our population was significantly lower for breakfast than for other meals. CIR using the 500/TDID formula underestimated prandial insulin requirements. A calculation of 350/TDID for breakfast and 400/TDID for lunch and dinner would be more appropriate for this population.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)588-592
JournalJournal of diabetes science and technology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2015


  • Bolus calculator
  • Carbohydrate counting
  • Continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion therapy
  • Insulin-to-carbohydrate ratio
  • Type 1 diabetes


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