Car ownership and access to jobs in Spain

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36 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of this paper is to assess the effect of urban structure on household car ownership in a context of rapid job and population decentralization. We capture the effect of urban structure through a measure of job accessibility to employment by public transport. An ordered probit explaining the number of cars per household is estimated as a function of individual, household and spatial variables. The data used in the analysis come from the Spanish Institute of Statistics' 2001 Micro-census for the areas of Barcelona and Madrid. The results show that spatial variables play a significant role in explaining the probability of car ownership. We provide the car ownership elasticities with respect the job accessibility measure. Additionally, we carried out simulation exercises in which the expected number of vehicles decreases as accessibility improves. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)607-617
JournalTransportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2009


  • Car ownership
  • Job accessibility
  • Public transport

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