Canine Leishmaniosis: Tools for diagnosis in veterinary practice in Colombia

P. Víctor Acero, B. Perla Ángel, B. Esther Fonseca, Lluís Ferrer, Xavier Roura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The objective of this article is to perform a critical analysis and guide veterinarians in the management of canine Leishmaniosis. A systematic literature review was performed between 2005 and 2014 including scientific papers which take into account experiences and reports of: pathogenesis, diagnosis, clinical presentation, treatment, vaccination, prevention and control strategies. We discuss the different aspects of VL management and aspects that should be taken into account depending on the country, after a patient is suspected or confirmed as positive, including the possibility of euthanasia. We describe the different clinical manifestations of the disease, diagnosis, signs and treatment of canine leishmaniosis. Canine leishmaniosis is present in different parts of the country, therefore it must be considered as a possible differential diagnosis in the veterinary clinic, in patients with dermatological and systemic signs that are compatible with various diseases. In Colombia, the patients diagnosed with cutaneous leishmaniasis could be treated and have a favorable prognosis, whereas in canines with diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis euthanasia should be considered because of the public health implications.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4822-4842
JournalRevista MVZ Cordoba
Volume20
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

Keywords

  • Diagnosis differential
  • Leishmania
  • Reservoirs
  • Zoonoses (Source: DeSC)

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