In veterinary medicine, the term peripheral nerve sheath tumour is usually restricted to neoplasms that are closely associated with an identified nerve. Thirty-three cases of canine cutaneous tumours previously classified as spindle cell tumours with features resembling peripheral nerve sheath tumours were examined. Two histological patterns were identified: dense areas of spindle shaped cells resembling the Antoni A pattern and less cellular areas with more pleomorphic cells resembling the Antoni B pattern. Immunohistochemically, all tumours uniformly expressed vimentin and 15/33 (45.4%) had scattered and patchy expression of S-100. Laminin expression was found in 25/33 (75.7%) tumours and collagen IV labelling occurred in 14/33 (42.4%). Expression of protein gene product 9.5 was detected in 31/33 (93.9%) of tumours and neuron specific enolase labelling was present in 27/33 (81.8%). Glial fibrillary acidic protein was only expressed within the cytoplasm of some large multinucleated cells in one tumour. These findings suggest that any cutaneous tumour with one of the two histopathological patterns described above should be described as a cutaneous peripheral nerve sheath tumour and that expression of S-100, laminin and collagen IV may be used to define a schwannoma.
- nerve sheath neoplasm