Can the disproportion of oxidation state III be favored in RuII-OH2/RuIV=O systems?

Ester Masllorens, Montserrat Rodríguez, Isabel Romero, Anna Roglans, Teodor Parella, Jordi Benet-Buchholz, Macarena Poyatos, Antoni Llobet

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82 Citations (Scopus)


Three new Ru-aqua complexes containing a mixed carbene and pyridylic ligands with general formulas [Ru(CNC)(bpy)(H2O)](PF6)2 (1) (CNC is 2,6-bis(butylimidazol-2-ylidene)pyridine; bpy is 2,2′-bipyridine) and cis-/trans-[Ru(CNC)(nBu-CN)(H2O)](PF6)2 (cis-2 and trans-2) (nBu-CN is 2-(butylimidazol-2-ylidene)pyridine) have been prepared and structurally characterized both in the solid state (monocrystal X-ray diffraction analysis for 1 and for the related complex trans-[Ru(Br)(CNC)(nBu-CN)](PF6)) and in solution (for all of them) through NMR. The electrochemical properties of these three Ru-aqua complexes have been investigated by cyclic voltammetry, differential pulse voltammetry and Coulombimetric techniques. It is found that, for complex 1 at pH 7, the difference between the IV/III and the III/II redox couples (ΔE1/2) is 50 mV, which is the smallest ever reported for this type of complex. On the other hand, for complexes cis-2 and trans-2, the oxidation state III is unstable with respect to disproportionation to II and IV. The reactivity of their Ru=O species has been tested toward cis-β-methylstyrene oxidation, and it has been compared to [Ru(O)(trpy)(bpy)]2+. An inverse correlation between the degree of cis/trans-epoxide isomerization and ΔE1/2 is found. In particular, for complexes cis-2 and trans-2, which have a ΔE1/2 < 0, the epoxidation is highly stereoselective, yielding only cis-epoxide. Copyright © 2006 American Chemical Society.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5306-5307
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 26 Apr 2006


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