Calibration of a kinetic model for wet air oxidation (WAO) of substituted phenols: Influence of experimental data on model prediction and practical identifiability

M. Eugenia Suárez-Ojeda, Ian S. Metcalfe, Josep Font, Julián Carrera

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    Abstract

    Calibration of kinetic models of wet air oxidation (WAO) is usually performed through minimisation algorithms with respect to total organic carbon (TOC) experimental data. However, the reliability of the estimated value of the kinetic parameters is frequently not reported. Moreover, the influence of data quantity/quality in the kinetic parameters identifiability is not properly assessed. The objective of this study is to compare the calibration goodness of a proposed kinetic model when using one set of data (total effluent TOC [TOCeff]) or two sets of independent experimental measurements (total effluent TOC [TOCeff] and residual TOC of target pollutant [TOC[A]]). The systematic comparison was made using identifiability analysis with contour plots of both objective functions and the confidence intervals were calculated through the Fisher information matrix (FIM). The experimental data used in this study comes from a previous one, where WAO was investigated as a suitable precursor for the biological treatment of industrial wastewater containing high concentrations of o-cresol or 2-chlorophenol [M.E. Suárez-Ojeda, J. Carrera, I.S. Metcalfe, J. Font, Wet air oxidation (WAO) as a precursor to biological treatment of substituted phenols: refractory nature of the WAO intermediates, Chem. Eng. J. 144 (2008) 205-212.]. The results show that the model correctly fitted the experimental [TOCeff] in all cases with less than 6% as averaged relative deviation, either using one set of data ([TOCeff]) or two sets of independent experimental measures ([TOCeff] and [TOC[A]]) in the objective function. However, when using only [TOCeff], the model was not capable of fitting the proportion between [TOC[A]] and intermediates TOC. The obtained EACT for the calibration made with [TOCeff] and [TOC[A]] were 71 ± 20 kJ mol-1 (R2 = 0.92) and 47 ± 9 kJ mol-1 (R2 = 0.96) for o-cresol and 2-chlorophenol, respectively. However, when using just [TOCeff], the obtained EACT values were not in the range of the values reported in the literature and had smaller regression coefficients. Moreover, the calibration with just [TOCeff] presented a high correlation between the obtained rate constants, whereas the calibration with [TOCeff] and [TOC[A]] was statistically more reliable. As example, the D-criterion values are three to six times larger for the calibration made with ([TOCeff] and [TOC[A]] than for the calibration made only with [TOCeff], in the framework of OED/PE criteria, this is related to minimisation of the geometric mean of the identification errors. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)328-336
    JournalChemical Engineering Journal
    Volume150
    Issue number2-3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2009

    Keywords

    • Kinetic model calibration
    • Practical identifiability
    • Substituted phenols
    • Wet air oxidation

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