Calcicole behaviour of Callisthene fasciculata Mart., an Al-accumulating species from the Brazilian Cerrado

M. C. de Souza, T. C.R. Williams, C. Poschenrieder, S. Jansen, M. H.O. Pinheiro, I. P. Soares, A. C. Franco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2019 German Society for Plant Sciences and The Royal Botanical Society of the Netherlands Most aluminium (Al)-accumulating species are found on soils with high Al saturation and low Ca availability (Ca poor). Callisthene fasciculata Mart. (Vochysiaceae), however, is an Al-accumulating tree restricted to Ca-rich soils with low Al saturation in the Brazilian Cerrado savanna. Here we tested its calcicole behaviour, and the possible role of organic acids in detoxification of Al during the early stages of plant development. We assessed growth, dry mass, nutrients, Al and organic acids in seedlings grown for 50 days on two contrasting Cerrado soils; one with high Ca concentrations and low Al saturation and the other with low Ca availability and high Al saturation. Relative to plants on Ca-rich soil, plants on Ca-poor soil had necrotic spots and bronzing of leaves. Roots and shoots contained reduced concentrations of P and Cu, but higher concentrations of Fe, Al and citrate. Despite lower concentrations in the soil, Ca and Mg increased in shoots. Shoot concentrations of oxalate were also higher. We confirmed C. fasciculata as an Al-accumulating species with calcicole behaviour. The increased concentrations of organic acids in plants with higher Al accumulation suggest that high availability of soluble Al does not prevent occurrence of this species on soils with high Al saturation. Instead, the absence of C. fasciculata from Ca-poor soils is probably due to imbalances in tissue Fe, Cu and Zn imposed by this soil type.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPlant Biology
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Keywords

  • Aluminium
  • calcium
  • copper
  • iron
  • phosphorus
  • zinc

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