Differences in Cd accumulation and Cd tolerance between Thlaspi arvense ecotype Aigues Vives (AV) from a commercial grower in South France and ecotype Jena collected in the polluted urban area of Jena (Germany) were reported here. Ecotype Jena exhibited considerable Cd-tolerance. Shoot and root masses were unaffected and root elongation was even enhanced by exposure to 50 μM Cd. In contrast, growth of ecotype AV was severely affected by this Cd treatment. Ecotype Jena was much more efficient in excluding Cd from both roots and shoots than ecotype AV. Despite the efficient restriction of Cd transport from roots to shoots in Jena, this ecotype maintained high root to shoot transport of Zn and Fe under Cd exposure. Cd supply strongly decreased the activities of antioxidant enzymes in AV, while in the Cd resistant Jena these activities either remained unaffected (SOD, APX) or were increased (CAT) by Cd supply. In conclusion, naturally selected Cd-tolerance in Thlaspi arvense is due to efficient Cd exclusion. The mechanisms underlying exclusion of Cd from the shoots seem Cd-specific yet they did not affect the homeostasis of Fe and Zn in the shoots. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
- ascorbate peroxidase
- superoxide dismutase