Broeckina gassoensis sp. nov., a larger foraminiferal index fossil for the middle Coniacian shallow-water deposits of the Pyrenean Basin (NE Spain)

Esmeralda Caus, Mariano Parente, Vicent Vicedo, Gianluca Frijia, Ricard Martínez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Upper Cretaceous shallow-water carbonates of the Pyrenean Basin (NE Spain) host rich and diverse larger foraminiferal associations which witness the recovery of this group of protozoans after the dramatic extinction of the Cenomanian-Turonian boundary interval. In this paper a new, large discoidal porcelaneous foraminifer, Broeckina gassoensis sp. nov., is described from the middle Coniacian shallow-water deposits of the Collada Gassó Formation, in the Bóixols Thrust Sheet. This is the first complex porcelaneous larger foraminifer of the Late Cretaceous global community maturation cycle recorded in the Pyrenean bioprovince. It differs from the late Santonian-early Campanian B.dufrenoyi for its smaller size in A and B generations and the less developed endoskeleton, which shows short septula. Broeckina gassoensis sp. nov. has been widely employed as a stratigraphic marker in the regional geological literature, under the name of ". Broeckina", but its age was so far controversial. Its middle Coniacian age (lowermost part of the Peroniceras tridorsatum ammonite zone), established in this paper by strontium isotope stratigraphy, indicates that it took about 5My after the Cenomanian-Turonian boundary crisis to re-evolve the complex test architecture of larger foraminifera, which is functional to their relation with photosymbiotic algae and K-strategy. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)76-90
JournalCretaceous Research
Volume45
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2013

Keywords

  • Biostratigraphy
  • Coniacian
  • Larger Foraminifera
  • Pyrenees
  • Spain
  • Strontium isotope stratigraphy

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