Background Brain contusions are inflammatory evolutive lesions that induce intracranial pressure increase and edema, contributing to neurological outcome. Matrix metal-loproteinases (MMPs) 2 and 9 can degrade the majority of the extracellular matrix components, and are implicated in blood-brain barrier disruption and edema formation. The aim of this study was to investigate MMP-2 and MMP-9 profiles in human brain contusions using zymography. Methods A prospective study was conducted in 20 traumatic brain injury patients where contusion brain tissue was resected. Brain tissues from lobectomies were used as controls. Brain homogenates were analysed by gelatin zymography and in situ zimography was performed to confirm results, on one control and one brain contusion tissue sample. Findings MMP-2 and MMP-9 levels were higher in brain contusions when compared to controls. MMP-9 was high during the first 24 hours and at 48 to 96 hours, whereas MMP-2 was slightly high at 24 to 96 hours. In situ zymography confirmed gelatin zymography results. A relation between outcome and MMP-9 levels was found; MMP-9 levels were higher in patients with worst outcome. Conclusions Our results indicate strong time-dependent gelatinase expression primarily from MMP-9, suggesting that the inflammatory response induced by focal lesions should be considered as a new therapeutic target. © 2008 Springer-Verlag/Wien.
|Journal||Acta Neurochir. Suppl. (Print)|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2008|
- Brain contusion
- Matrix metalloproteinases
- Traumatic brain injury