Both anxiety and joint laxity determine the olfactory features in panic disorder

Emma Burón, Antonio Bulbena, Andrea Bulbena-Cabré, Sílvia Rosado, Guillem Pailhez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


© 2017 Elsevier B.V. Previous research showed a high sensitivity in sensorial modalities in panic disorder (PD). This disorder has been consistently associated to the joint hypermobility syndrome (JHS). In non-clinical samples, this collagen alteration has been also related to an enhanced sensitivity in some sensorial modalities. The main aim of this study is to explore the olfactory functioning in PD in relation to JHS. Sixty patients with PD and sixty healthy controls performed the Sniffin’ Sticks Test (SST) (threshold subtest), and completed the Affective Impact of Odors scale (AIO), the Relational Scale of Olfaction (EROL), and the Odor Awareness Scale (OAS). Clinical symptom rating scales and JHS assessment were also obtained. PD patients showed enhanced odor acuity, greater reactivity to smells and also increased odor awareness compared to the healthy controls. Within the patients group, those suffering from JHS displayed higher functioning in all olfactory domains compared to the non-JHS ones. The JHS and anxiety measures emerged as predictor variables of the olfactory function. The present findings highlight the importance of the olfactory function in PD and underline that both, JHS and anxiety, determine the olfactory characteristics in this disorder.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)420-426
JournalPsychiatry Research
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018


  • Joint hypermobility syndrome
  • Olfactory awareness
  • Olfactory threshold
  • Panic disorder
  • Smell reactivity


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