Boron (B) re-translocation is an important factor determining tolerance to B deficiency in plants. In this work growth, B content of leaves with different ages, B partitioning between soluble and cell wall (CW) fractions, and B re-translocation were investigated in tea (Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze) plants grown hydroponically without (<2.5 μM) and with adequate (46 μM) B supply. Under B deficiency, the proportion of CW bound B increased in the old leaves but decreased in roots. Contrastingly, the proportion of CW bound B was not influenced by B supply in the young leaves. A continuous reduction of B content was observed in all fully expanded leaves as well as in roots of low B plants. Taken together, these results revealed considerable re-translocation of B from mature to growing leaves. Leaf extract and phloem exudate samples were analyzed and sucrose, glucose, and fructose were detected while xylitol, sorbitol, mannitol, maltose, galactose, cellobiose or rafinose were not found in these samples. In the leaf extracts, concentration of sucrose increased under B deficiency conditions, concentration of glucose decreased, while that of fructose remained unchanged. Our results provide circumstantial evidence for a considerable re-translocation of B in tea plants despite lacking polyol compounds. © 2013 Franciszek Górski Institute of Plant Physiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków.
- Cell wall bound B
- Soluble B