Bone mineral density and bone fracture in male patients receiving long-term suppressive levothyroxine treatment for differentiated thyroid carcinoma

Jordi L. Reverter, Eulàlia Colomé, Susana Holgado, Eva Aguilera, Berta Soldevila, Lourdes Mateo, Anna Sanmartí

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18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Studies on the effect of exogenous subclinical thyrotoxicosis on bone mineral density (BMD) in male patients treated with suppressive doses of levothyroxine for differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) are not conclusive. In order to evaluate BMD (in femoral neck, lumbar spine, and distal radius) and bone fractures in men under long-term suppressive treatment with levothyroxine for DTC, we conducted a cross-sectional, retrospective study in 33 Caucasian men (mean ± SD age: 56 ± 14 years) under treatment for DTC. The control group comprised 33 healthy age- and body mass index-matched male volunteers. BMD was assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Bone turnover biomarkers (calcium, phosphate, alkaline phosphatase, PTH, vitamin D, urinary calcium, and N-Telopeptide/creatinine index) and testosterone were determined. Previous bone fractures were evaluated with a questionnaire and X-ray images of thoracic and lumbar vertebrae. Patients were treated for a mean duration of 15 ± 5 years. No differences were found between patients and controls in bone turnover biomarkers or areal BMD, T-scores or Z-scores in all sites evaluated. No earlier fractures or pain episodes were registered in either group and the incidence of asymptomatic vertebral fractures did not differ significantly between patient (18.8%) and control groups (16.7%), (P = 0.9). In conclusion, long-term suppressive treatment with levothyroxine in men with DTC does not appear to exert deleterious effects on bone mineral density or increase the prevalence of fracture. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)467-472
JournalEndocrine
Volume37
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2010

Keywords

  • Bone fracture
  • Bone mineral density
  • Bone turnover biomarkers
  • Levothyroxine
  • Thyroid cancer

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