Bone density, microarchitecture and tissue quality after 1 year of treatment with dolutegravir/abacavir/lamivudine

Jade Soldado-Folgado, Elisabeth Lerma-Chippirraz, Itziar Arrieta-Aldea, Daniel Bujosa, Natalia García-Giralt, Marta Pineda-Moncusi, Marta Trenchs-Rodríguez, Judit Villar-García, Alicia González-Mena, Adolfo Díez-Pérez, Todd T. Brown, Hernando Knobel, Robert Güerri-Fernández

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Bone mineral density (BMD) decreases with ART initiation with a tenofovir disoproxil fumarate-containing regimen, although bone tissue quality increases. The impact of dolutegravir (DTG)/abacavir (ABC)/lamivudine (3TC)-based ART initiation on bone health parameters is not clear. OBJECTIVES: To study the impact of DTG/ABC/3TC-based therapy on bone health parameters in ART-naive individuals with HIV after 48 weeks of treatment. METHODS: An observational, prospective and analytical study of treatment-naive patients with HIV undergoing a DTG/ABC/3TC-based regimen at 48 week follow-up. Changes in bone strength parameters (BMD, bone microarchitecture and bone tissue quality) were assessed with non-parametric methods. RESULTS: Sixteen HIV-infected ART-naive patients starting DTG/ABC/3TC were included. BMD in the lumbar spine showed a significant decrease of -2.25% (P = 0.007) and -4.1% in the femoral neck (P = 0.007). Bone microarchitecture, as measured by trabecular bone score, also decreased significantly by -2.5% (P = 0.03). In contrast, bone quality [bone material strength index (BMi)], as measured by microindentation, significantly increased with respect to baseline after 48 weeks of treatment, showing better bone properties of +6.53% (P < 0.001). No significant changes were found in bone turnover markers. In addition, a positive significant correlation between the CD4/CD8 cell count ratio at baseline and changes in BMSi after 48 weeks of treatment was observed (Spearman's rho = 0.4974; P = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS: After a 48 week treatment with DTG/ABC/3TC-based ART, BMD and trabecular bone score decreased while bone tissue quality, as measured by microindentation, improved significantly. The state of the immune system at ART initiation is related to bone quality recovery. An overarching approach to assess bone toxicity in ART-treated patients is needed.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)2998-3003
Number of pages6
JournalThe Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy
Volume75
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2020

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