Bloodstream Amyloid-beta (1-40) Peptide, Cognition, and Outcomes in Heart Failure

Antoni Bayes-Genis, Jaume Barallat, Marta de Antonio, Mar Domingo, Elisabet Zamora, Joan Vila, Isaac Subirana, Paloma Gastelurrutia, M. Cruz Pastor, James L. Januzzi, Josep Lupón

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2017 Sociedad Española de Cardiología Introduction and objectives In the brain, amyloid-beta generation participates in the pathophysiology of cognitive disorders; in the bloodstream, the role of amyloid-beta is uncertain but may be linked to sterile inflammation and senescence. We explored the relationship between blood levels of amyloid-beta 1-40 peptide (Aβ40), cognition, and mortality (all-cause, cardiovascular, and heart failure [HF]-related) in ambulatory patients with HF. Methods Bloodstream Aβ40 was measured in 939 consecutive patients with HF. Cognition was evaluated with the Pfeiffer questionnaire (adjusted for educational level) at baseline and during follow-up. Multivariate Cox regression analyses and measurements of performance (discrimination, calibration, and reclassification) were used, with competing risk for specific causes of death. Results Over 5.1 ± 2.9 years, 471 patients died (all-cause): 250 from cardiovascular causes and 131 HF-related. The median Aβ40 concentration was 519.1 pg/mL [Q1-Q3: 361.8-749.9 pg/mL]. The Aβ40 concentration correlated with age, body mass index, renal dysfunction, and New York Heart Association functional class (all P <.001). There were no differences in Aβ40 in patients with and without cognitive impairment at baseline (P =.97) or during follow-up (P =.20). In multivariable analysis, including relevant clinical predictors and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide, Aβ40 remained significantly associated with all-cause death (HR, 1.22; 95%CI, 1.10-1.35; P <.001) and cardiovascular death (HR, 1.18; 95%CI, 1.03-1.36; P =.02), but not with HF-related death (HR, 1.13; 95%CI, 0.93-1.37; P =.22). Circulating Aβ40 improved calibration and patient reclassification. Conclusions Blood levels of Aβ40 are not associated with cognitive decline in HF. Circulating Aβ40 was predictive of mortality and may indicate systemic aging. Full English text available from: www.revespcardiol.org/en
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)924-932
JournalRevista Espanola de Cardiologia
Volume70
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2017

Keywords

  • Amyloid-beta
  • Biomarkers
  • Cognition
  • Heart failure
  • Prognosis

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