Bispectral index in hypercapnic encephalopathy associated with COPD exacerbation: A pilot study

Roberto Chalela, Lluis Gallart, Sergi Pascual-Guardia, Antonio Sancho-Muñoz, Joaquim Gea, Mauricio Orozco-Levi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2018 Chalela et al. Background: Hypercapnic encephalopathy is relatively frequent in severe exacerbations of COPD (ECOPDs), with its intensity usually being evaluated through clinical scales. Bispectral index (BIS) is a relatively new technique, based on the analysis of the electroencephalographic signal, which provides a good approximation to the level of consciousness, having already been validated in anesthesia. Objective: The objective of the study was to evaluate the utility of BIS in the assessment of the intensity of hypercapnic encephalopathy in ECOPD patients. Patients and methods: A total of ten ECOPD patients were included, and the level of brain activity was assessed using BIS and different scales: Glasgow Coma Scale, Ramsay Sedation Scale (RSS), and Richmond Agitation-Sedation Scale. The evaluation was performed both in the acute phase and 3 months after discharge. Results: BIS was recorded for a total of about 600 minutes. During ECOPD, BIS values ranged from 58.8 (95% CI: 48.6-69) for RSS score of 4 to 92.2 (95% CI: 90.1-94.3) for RSS score of 2. A significant correlation was observed between values obtained with BIS and those from the three scales, although the best fit was for RSS, followed by Glasgow and Richmond (r=-0.757, r=0.701, and r=0.615, respectively; P<0.001 for all). In the stable phase after discharge, BIS showed values considered as normal for a wake state (94.6; 95% CI: 91.7-97.9). Conclusion: BIS may be useful for the objective early detection and automatic monitoring of the intensity of hypercapnic encephalopathy in ECOPD, facilitating the early detection and follow-up of this condition, which may avoid management problems in these patients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2961-2967
JournalInternational Journal of COPD
Volume13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • Bispectral index
  • COPD
  • Exacerbation
  • Hypercapnic encephalopathy

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