Bioprocess efficiency in Rhizopus oryzae lipase production by Pichia pastoris under the control of PAOX1 is oxygen tension dependent

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© 2016 Elsevier Ltd Dissolved oxygen (DO) has been stated as a key parameter for Pichia pastoris (Mut+) cultures growing on methanol. DO set point (DOSP) – between 5 and 50% air saturation – with time-varying oxygen transfer rate (OTR) was investigated during the induction phase of fed batch cultures producing the heterologous Rhizopus oryzae lipase (ROL). DO around 25% was found to be the best operating condition in terms of ROL total productivity, with 4-fold increase in respect to DOSP of 5% (minimum value), and also corresponded with the highest specific rates of growth (μ), methanol consumption (qS), oxygen uptake (qO2), carbon dioxide production (qCO2) and ROL activity production (qP). However, the highest overall product yield (Y*P/X) was obtained around DOSP of 10%, with an increase of 45% compared with maximal DOSP studied (50%). Specific rates and Y*P/X were lower at the extremes of the DO range tested. The results validate that oxygen tension is essential to improve bioprocess efficiency in ROL production and enhances reliability of the system by keeping DO at optimal conditions. Productivity and yield can be optimized, thus reducing oxygen supply and energy requirements, even for different target proteins although presenting different DO optimal values.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1954-1963
JournalProcess Biochemistry
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2016


  • AOX1 promoter
  • Fed batch
  • Oxygen tension
  • Pichia pastoris
  • Recombinant protein
  • Rhizopus oryzae lipase


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