Biomimetic magnetic sensor for electrochemical determination of scombrotoxin in fish

Amal H.A. Hassan, Luciano Sappia, Silio Lima Moura, Fatma H.M. Ali, Walaa A. Moselhy, Maria del Pilar Taboada Sotomayor, Maria Isabel Pividori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


This work addresses a novel, rapid and cost-effective approach for the electrochemical sensing of scombrotoxin (histamine) in fish based on magnetic molecularly imprinted polymer (magnetic-MIP). The histamine magnetic-MIP was synthesized by the core-shell method using histamine as a template, and 2-vinyl pyridine as functional monomer. The magnetic-MIP was characterized by TEM, SEM, and confocal microscopy. Additionally, the binding capacity of magnetic-MIP towards histamine was investigated and compared with magnetic non-molecularly imprinted polymer (magnetic-NIP). This biomimetic material merged the advantages of MIPs and magnetic particles (MPs), including low cost of production, stability, high binding capacity and can be easily separated by the aid of a permanent magnet. The magnetic-MIP was integrated into magneto-actuated electrodes for the direct electrochemical detection of histamine preconcentrated from fish samples. The results revealed that this approach succeeded in the preconcentration and determination of histamine with a LOD as low as 1.6 x 10(-6) mg L-1, much lower than the index for fish spoilage (50 mg kg(-1)) accordingly to the legislation. Furthermore, the analytical performance was validated for the determination of histamine in scombroid fish samples with recovery values ranging from 96.8 to 102.0 %, confirm so it can be applied easily for routine food examination.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)997-1004
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2019


  • Electrochemical determination
  • Fish
  • Food safety
  • Histamine
  • Magnetic-MIP
  • Scombrotoxin


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