Biomarkers of oxidative stress in saliva in pigs: Analytical validation and changes in lactation

Camila Peres Rubio, Eva Mainau, José Joaquín Cerón, Maria Dolores Contreras-Aguilar, Silvia Martínez-Subiela, Elena Navarro, Fernando Tecles, Xavier Manteca, Damian Escribano

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Abstract

© 2019 The Author(s). Background: Biomarkers of oxidative stress in pigs have been measured in serum/plasma samples. However, blood collection in pigs can be highly stressful to the animals. Saliva is a biological fluid with several advantages in pigs over blood, since it can be easily collected without stress to the animals, being therefore an ideal sample in this species. The objective of this study was the validation of assays for the evaluation of oxidative stress status in saliva of pigs. For this purpose, three assays commonly used to evaluate the total antioxidant capacity (TAC): trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC), cupric reducing antioxidant capacity (CUPRAC), and ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP)), one individual antioxidant (uric acid) and two assays to evaluate oxidant concentrations (advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)) were measured and validated in porcine saliva. In addition, the possible changes of these assays in sows' saliva during lactation were be studied. Results: The methods had intra- and inter-assays coefficient of variation lower than 15%. They also showed an adequate linearity and recovery, and their detection limits were low enough to detect the analytes in saliva of pigs. Overall the analytical validation tests showed that the assays used in our study are valid and reliable for the evaluation of oxidative stress in porcine saliva. In addition, it was observed that these salivary biomarkers can change in a situation of oxidative stress such as lactation in sows. Conclusions: All assays for salivary biomarkers of oxidative stress evaluated in this study have demonstrated a high analytical accuracy and low imprecision. In addition, it has been observed that these biomarkers showed significant changes in a situation of oxidative stress such as lactation in sows. Therefore, this study opens a new possibility of using saliva as a non-invasive sample to evaluate oxidative stress in pigs.
Original languageEnglish
Article number144
JournalBMC Veterinary Research
Volume15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 May 2019

Keywords

  • Antioxidant
  • Oxidant
  • Reactive oxygen species
  • Saliva
  • Sows

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    Rubio, C. P., Mainau, E., Cerón, J. J., Contreras-Aguilar, M. D., Martínez-Subiela, S., Navarro, E., Tecles, F., Manteca, X., & Escribano, D. (2019). Biomarkers of oxidative stress in saliva in pigs: Analytical validation and changes in lactation. BMC Veterinary Research, 15, [144]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12917-019-1875-z