Biological dosimetry in simulated in vitro partial irradiations

J. F. Barquinero, L. Barrios, M. R. Caballín, R. Miró, M. Ribas, J. Egozcue

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33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The assessment by biological dosimetry of the dose received in cases of partial-body exposure to ionizing radiation can be underestimated because irradiated lymphocytes are mixed with non-irradiated ones. To determine if the exposure affects the whole body or only part of it, it may be useful to know the distribution of cells with more than one dicentric chromosome. We established a dose-effect calibration curve for X-rays by analysis of chromosome aberrations. Moreover, in the present work, 20 partial irradiations for four different doses of X-rays (2, 3, 4 and 5 Gy) have been simulated by mixing irradiated and non-irradiated blood in different proportions. In all cases, the 95% confidence intervals of the estimated dose included the real dose of irradiation. However, some difficulties were found for the estimation of the fraction of irradiated cells. In the present study, D 0 = 3.8 allows to obtain the best fit between the estimated and the real fraction of irradiated cells.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)435-440
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Biology
Volume71
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 13 May 1997

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