Biohydrogen production and bioprocess enhancement: A review

Ackmez Mudhoo, Tânia Forster-Carneiro, Antoni Sánchez

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    54 Citations (Scopus)


    This paper provides an overview of the recent advances and trends in research in the biological production of hydrogen (biohydrogen). Hydrogen from both fossil and renewable biomass resources is a sustainable source of energy that is not limited and of different applications. The most commonly used techniques of biohydrogen production, including direct biophotolysis, indirect biophotolysis, photo-fermentation and dark-fermentation, conventional or "modern" techniques are examined in this review. The main limitations inherent to biochemical reactions for hydrogen production and design are the constraints in reactor configuration which influence biohydrogen production, and these have been identified. Thereafter, physical pretreatments, modifications in the design of reactors, and biochemical and genetic manipulation techniques that are being developed to enhance the overall rates and yields of biohydrogen generation are revisited. © 2010 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)250-263
    JournalCritical Reviews in Biotechnology
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2011


    • Bacterial strains
    • Biofuel
    • Biomass
    • Genetic manipulation
    • Green chemistry
    • Hydrogen
    • Pretreatment
    • Reactors


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