Biodiversity policy beyond economic growth

Iago Otero*, Katharine N. Farrell, Salvador Pueyo, Giorgos Kallis, Laura Kehoe, Helmut Haberl, Christoph Plutzar, Peter Hobson, Jaime García-Márquez, Beatriz Rodríguez-Labajos, Jean Louis Martin, Karl Heinz Erb, Stefan Schindler, Jonas Nielsen, Teuta Skorin, Josef Settele, Franz Essl, Erik Gómez-Baggethun, Lluís Brotons, Wolfgang RabitschFrançois Schneider, Guy Pe'er

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

84 Citations (Scopus)


Increasing evidence—synthesized in this paper—shows that economic growth contributes to biodiversity loss via greater resource consumption and higher emissions. Nonetheless, a review of international biodiversity and sustainability policies shows that the majority advocate economic growth. Since improvements in resource use efficiency have so far not allowed for absolute global reductions in resource use and pollution, we question the support for economic growth in these policies, where inadequate attention is paid to the question of how growth can be decoupled from biodiversity loss. Drawing on the literature about alternatives to economic growth, we explore this contradiction and suggest ways forward to halt global biodiversity decline. These include policy proposals to move beyond the growth paradigm while enhancing overall prosperity, which can be implemented by combining top-down and bottom-up governance across scales. Finally, we call the attention of researchers and policy makers to two immediate steps: acknowledge the conflict between economic growth and biodiversity conservation in future policies; and explore socioeconomic trajectories beyond economic growth in the next generation of biodiversity scenarios.

Original languageAmerican English
Article numbere12713
JournalConservation Letters
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2020


  • biodiversity conservation
  • biodiversity loss
  • biodiversity policy
  • biodiversity scenarios
  • decoupling
  • degrowth
  • economic growth
  • postgrowth
  • sustainability policy
  • transition


Dive into the research topics of 'Biodiversity policy beyond economic growth'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this