Biliary fluorescent aromatic compounds (FACs) measured by fixed wavelength fluorescence (FF) in several marine fish species from the NW Mediterranean

David Insausti, Maite Carrasson, Francesc Maynou, Joan E. Cartes, Montserrat Solé

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16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The fixed wavelength fluoresce (FF) method was used to estimate the levels of fluorescent aromatic compounds (FACs) in the bile of fourteen fish species of commercial and/or ecological interest. Sampling was carried out in the NW Mediterranean at depths ranging from 50 to 1000 m during four seasonal cruises. During the summer sampling period, some species were also collected from another site (Vilanova fishing grounds) for comparison. Baseline levels of the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) naphthalene, phenanthrene, pyrene and benzo[a]pyrene were measured. Some seasonality was observed, with reduced FF levels in summer and no differences among sites, consistent with sediment PAH levels. We discuss our results in relation to fish phylogeny, season, depth, diet, trophic level and swimming capacity. Overall FF levels indicated differences among species; the suprabenthic feeders from shallow and deep communities, and Mullus barbatus in particular, displayed elevated FF values and are potential candidates for additional monitoring studies. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1635-1642
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Volume58
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Aug 2009

Keywords

  • Biliary PAHs
  • Ecological parameters
  • FACs
  • FF method
  • NW Mediterranean
  • Teleost fish

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