Bifid mandibular condyle: A disorder in its own right?

Sergi Sala-Pérez, Eduardo Vázquez-Delgado, Alfonso Rodríguez-Baeza, Cosme Gay-Escoda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Background. The authors present six cases of mandibular condyle malformation. They also conducted a literature review of bifid mandibular condyle (BMC) to analyze the various hypotheses that have been made regarding the etiopathogenesis of this entity. Type of Studies Reviewed. The authors searched the PubMed database for all instances of BMC and similar anatomical alterations, and they included non-English-language published reports. The inclusion criterion was the presence of a multilobular mandibular condyle. Results. Mandibular condyle may manifest in different anatomical forms; bilobular is the most common, although triple lobular morphology also has been observed. A congenital origin has been suggested as the primary cause. In addition, trauma may alter the growth of the condylar cartilage, inducing an anatomical defect. However, the majority of participants in this study had no history of trauma. The authors reviewed a total of 198 cases in study participants and cadavers. Cllnical Impllcations. In the absence of traumatic antecedents or other alterations of the temporomandibular joint, the presence of a BMC may be associated with developmental anomalies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1076-1085
JournalJournal of the American Dental Association
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2010


  • Bifid condyle
  • Bilobular condyle
  • Condylar dysplasia
  • Condylar fracture
  • Condylar malformation


Dive into the research topics of 'Bifid mandibular condyle: A disorder in its own right?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this