Bidirectional Relations Between Disordered Eating, Internalization of Beauty Ideals, and Self-Esteem: A Longitudinal Study With Adolescents

Paola Espinoza, Eva Penelo, Marisol Mora, Rita Francisco, Marcela L. González, Rosa M. Raich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© The Author(s) 2018. Associations between disordered eating, internalization of beauty ideals, and self-esteem have been mainly studied in a unidirectional way. Therefore, this study explored the potential bidirectional associations between these three aspects, in a sample of 303 adolescents aged 12 to 15 (140 females and 163 males), in a 16-month longitudinal prospective study. Participants self-reported disordered eating, internalization of beauty ideals, and self-esteem. Autoregressive cross-lagged analyses showed bidirectional associations between self-esteem and disordered eating and unidirectional links between internalization of beauty ideals and disordered eating and lower self-esteem. All cross-lagged effects were equivalent across genders, except that the effect of internalization of beauty ideals at baseline on disordered eating 4 months later was higher for females. Temporal stability was moderate for all measures. These results contribute toward completing explanatory models of these problems and suggest that interventions based on the critique of esthetic ideals and on strengthening self-esteem should be implemented in early adolescence.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1244-1260
JournalJournal of Early Adolescence
Volume39
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2019

Keywords

  • disordered eating
  • internalization
  • longitudinal
  • reciprocal associations
  • self-esteem

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