Behavioral Inhibition System activity is associated with increased amygdala and hippocampal gray matter volume: A voxel-based morphometry study

A. Barrós-Loscertales, V. Meseguer, A. Sanjuán, V. Belloch, M. A. Parcet, R. Torrubia, C. Ávila

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93 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent research has examined anxiety and hyperactivity in the amygdala and the anterior hippocampus while processing aversive stimuli. In order to determine whether these functional differences have a structural basis, optimized voxel-based morphometry was used to study the relationship between gray matter concentration in the brain and scores on a Behavioral Inhibition System measure (the Sensitivity to Punishment scale) in a sample of 63 male undergraduates. Results showed a positive correlation between Sensitivity to Punishment scores and gray matter volume in the amygdala and the hippocampal formation, that is, in areas that Gray, J.A., and McNaughton, N.J. (2000). The neuropsychology of anxiety. Oxford: Oxford Medical Publications. associated with the Behavioral Inhibition System. © 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1011-1015
JournalNeuroImage
Volume33
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2006

Keywords

  • Amygdala
  • Behavioral Inhibition System
  • Gray's model
  • Sensitivity to Punishment
  • Septo-hippocampal system

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