Beer classification by means of a potentiometric electronic tongue

Xavier Ceto, Manuel Gutierrez-Capitan, Daniel Calvo, Manel Del Valle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this work, an electronic tongue (ET) system based on an array of potentiometric ion-selective electrodes (ISEs) for the discrimination of different commercial beer types is presented. The array was formed by 21 ISEs combining both cationic and anionic sensors with others with generic response. For this purpose beer samples were analyzed with the ET without any pretreatment rather than the smooth agitation of the samples with a magnetic stirrer in order to reduce the foaming of samples, which could interfere into the measurements. Then, the obtained responses were evaluated using two different pattern recognition methods, principal component analysis (PCA), which allowed identifying some initial patterns, and linear discriminant analysis (LDA) in order to achieve the correct recognition of sample varieties (81.9% accuracy). In the case of LDA, a stepwise inclusion method for variable selection based on Mahalanobis distance criteria was used to select the most discriminating variables. In this respect, the results showed that the use of supervised pattern recognition methods such as LDA is a good alternative for the resolution of complex identification situations. In addition, in order to show an ET quantitative application, beer alcohol content was predicted from the array data employing an artificial neural network model (root mean square error for testing subset was 0.131 abv). © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2533-2540
JournalFood Chemistry
Volume141
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013

Keywords

  • Alcohol by volume
  • Beer
  • Classification
  • Electronic tongue
  • Linear discriminant analysis
  • Potentiometric sensors

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